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An endurance sport regarded as one of the world’s toughest, triathlon requires uninterrupted and successive completion of swimming, cycling and running events. There are four main classifications of triathlon events: Ironman, Half-Ironman, Olympic (Standard) and Sprint. Ironman is an ultra-endurance event, comprising a 3.8-km swim, a 180-km cycle and a 42-km run (a full marathon) and annually hosts it’s most famous event in Hawaii, the Ironman World Championship. The Half-Ironman is literally that, half the distance of the Ironman. Olympic distance triathlon is the most prominent of the four disciplines as it recognised as an official Olympic event. It comprises a 1.5-km swim, a 40-km cycle and a 10-km run. Sprints are more hybrid and vary in distance but usually are measured as half an Olympic triathlon.
The British Triathlon Federation (BTF) is the governing body responsible for the management, administration, coaching and selection of the elite national teams. It is their job to choose the brightest stars to represent Great Britain at international events and ensure the chosen athlete’s performance reflects their talent, form and potential. Selection procedures follow similar lines to those of other national associations, with guaranteed selection going to the first or first two British triathletes past the finishing line in a designated qualifying event. A final discretionary place may possibly be held back for a form athlete who may have missed the designated qualifying events due to justifiable circumstances.
A core group of British world-class elite athletes receive financial support from the BTF through the National Lottery funding programme. These athletes are obliged to justify their receipt of financial support annually through the achievement of results and points at national and international races, including the National, European and World Championships, Grand Prix events and other major championships, such as, Commonwealth Games or Olympics. These athletes also benefit from the services provided by Performance Centres, established across the country, which provide training and sport science facilities and services.
Over-training can be measured through analysis of mood, anxiety and sleep. Over-training is often found in people who are unrewarded. A typical over trainers profile includes:
• Overly dedicated performers
• Unrealistic devotion to goal attainment
• Creates negatives (thinking)
• Related to perfectionists & those lacking assertive interpersonal skills